Modern advanced CNC turning services in China in 2024

In CNC turning, the cutting tool moves linearly while the workpiece rotates, creating complex external and internal geometries such as threads, tapers, and slots.

As a crucial part of modern manufacturing processes, CNC turning stands out as Computer Numerical Control Turning. Using computer programming, this technology manipulates lathe machines to produce meticulously crafted parts from raw materials. The essence of CNC turning China is its ability to produce high-quality cylindrical components with intricate details.

In CNC turning, the cutting tool moves linearly while the workpiece rotates, creating complex external and internal geometries such as threads, tapers, and slots.


CNC Turning: History and Development

The evolution of CNC turning from manual lathes to advanced CNC machines illustrates the manufacturing industry’s relentless pursuit of accuracy and efficiency.

CNC Turning’s Evolutionary Path

Every step has been a leap forward toward greater precision and automation, from rudimentary lathes in the early 20th century to the first NC (Numerical Control) machines in the 1940s and 1950s. The introduction of computers in the control process, hence the term CNC, marked a pivotal shift, bringing unparalleled accuracy and speed to turning operations.

CNC Turning: How Does It Work?

CNC turning relies heavily on computer programs to control the movement of the machine’s tools, ensuring each cut is precise and consistent.

CNC turning: Interaction between machine and program

In CNC machines, CAD (Computer-Aided Design) files are converted into precise instructions that determine the tool’s path, speed, and depth based on the instructions.

CNC turning can be used for a variety of operations

From basic shaping to complex detailing, CNC turning is a versatile process capable of executing many operations.

Changing specific operations (external)

Taking a turn

Using taper turning, the diameter of the workpiece is gradually changed over the length of the workpiece to produce conical shapes. A high degree of accuracy is crucial for components like cones and tapered shafts. For components that must fit into specific angular spaces, this operation is crucial.

Taking a stand

It is important to prepare the ends of a piece for further machining by removing material from the end of the workpiece to produce a flat surface. It is often the first step in CNC turning operations. To achieve precision face flatness and perpendicularity to the workpiece’s axis, this process is crucial.

Getting down

The process of CNC turning involves cutting a groove into the workpiece’s surface. The precision of CNC turning allows for precise groove dimensions, essential for parts requiring a specific fit. It is often used to create O-ring grooves, oil grooves, or recesses.

We part ways

In parting, also known as cutoff, a workpiece is cut through its diameter to separate it into two parts. In the production of multiple parts from a single piece of material, it is a crucial step. It is used to create discrete components from a longer workpiece.

(Internal) Non-Specific Operations


The drilling process

A CNC turner drills cylindrical holes in a workpiece as part of its turning process. When assembling parts, such as bolts or pins, this operation is essential. The precision of CNC machines ensures that these holes are drilled accurately, both in terms of diameter and depth.

It’s boring

Boring is used to enlarge pre-existing holes or to enhance their dimensional accuracy and surface finish. This internal operation is crucial for parts that require precise hole dimensions or a specific internal surface finish. Components where hole diameter plays a critical role in functionality are particularly important for this.


In CNC turning, threads are created on a workpiece to allow it to be assembled with screws or bolts. This operation is fundamental. It is essential for threaded joints to function correctly that the thread pitch and depth are accurate with CNC turning.

The knurling

In CNC turning, the knurl pattern can be precisely controlled, ensuring consistent quality and the correct level of grip. This operation is commonly used on tool handles, knobs, and fasteners.

The reaming process

Reaming is used to refine the size and finish of pre-drilled holes. This operation is crucial to achieving tight tolerances and smooth internal surfaces. It’s especially important in high-precision industries, where the exact diameter and surface finish of holes can significantly impact the overall functionality of a part.

CNC turning’s versatility is enhanced by the specific applications and nuances of each of these operations.


How do CNC turning machines differ?

Choosing the right CNC turning machine for a project requires understanding the differences between the types of machines.

CNC horizontal lathes

As a testament to the advancement of CNC technology and machining processes, horizontal CNC lathes have a horizontally aligned spindle. A variety of machining operations can be accomplished with these lathes, which are designed for optimum efficiency. Through the integration of advanced computer numerical control systems, these machines are capable of machining a wide range of components with precision and flexibility.

These applications include:

Creating intricate components such as turbine blades, engine mounts, and landing gear.

Engine components, gearboxes, and suspension systems are manufactured in the automotive industry.

Connectors, housings, and various electrical circuit components are made with electrical fittings.

Produces surgical tools, implants, and diagnostic devices.

Parts for smartphones, laptops, and other personal electronics are machinable in the consumer electronics sector.

The advantages are:

Precision: Consistently achieving tight tolerances and intricate details.

Capable of machining a variety of materials, including metals, plastics, and composites.

Suitable for high-volume manufacturing, ensuring speed and repeatability.

Optimum raw material utilization and reduced waste: Achieving efficient material usage, minimizing scrap, and optimizing raw material utilization.

Flexibility in customization: Adaptable to specific industry requirements.

A typical price range is between $30,000 and $150,000

CNC vertical lathes

CNC vertical lathes, with their vertically oriented spindle, excel at machining heavy and large-diameter workpieces because of their robust construction and advanced CNC controls. The CNC machining Services in China.

These applications include:

Gears and flanges for industrial machinery and automotive applications.

The manufacturing of heavy-duty flywheels is essential to mechanical power transmission.

Producing parts for manufacturing equipment, such as presses and pumps.

Machining large, heavy parts for wind turbines.

Components for ship engines and propulsion systems are made by marine equipment manufacturers.

The advantages are:

Designed specifically for handling heavy and large components.

Ergonomics for operators: Enhance safety and comfort by reducing physical strain.

Maintaining clean operational conditions through improved chip management.

Maintaining accuracy in machining, even with substantial workpieces.

High load capacity: Capable of supporting and machining heavier materials.

Price range: $40,000 – $200,000 USD

Turning centers for horizontal surfaces

In addition to turning, horizontal turning centers also offer milling, drilling, and tapping capabilities, making them ideal for machining complex parts.

These applications include:

Manufacturing parts for industrial automation and robotics.

Creating complex mechanical assemblies for aerospace and defense applications.

High-precision cutting tools and fixtures are manufactured by precision tools.

Creating bespoke automotive components for specialized applications.

Components for oil and gas, and renewable energy industries.

The advantages are:

Combining multiple machining processes in one setup is a multitasking capability.

Time-saving setup: Minimizing downtime between operations.

Productivity: Producing complex parts efficiently with fewer setups.

The ability to adapt quickly to changes in design.

Reducing the need for multiple specialized machines, thus reducing costs.

A typical price range is $50,000 – $250,000.

Centers for vertical turning

As with vertical lathes, vertical turning centers are designed for intricate geometries and complex machining tasks, utilizing the power of CNC.

These applications include:

Manufacturing high-precision bearings for a variety of industrial applications.

The aerospace engine component industry produces critical parts for aircraft engines and systems.

Manufacturing components for heavy machinery and equipment.

Large-scale architectural elements: Machining structural and architectural parts.

Creating prototypes for experimental and innovative projects is part of research and development.

The advantages include:

Excellent at producing intricate parts with complex geometries.

Maintaining tight tolerances and high quality finishes is essential for high precision and accuracy.

Visibility and accessibility for operators: Facilitating easier inspections and maintenance.

A wide range of complex machining tasks can be handled with enhanced customization.

Vertical design optimizes workspace utilization and reduces floor space requirements.

The typical price range is between $60,000 and $300,000.

CNC turning tooling types: what are they?

We will discuss some of the most common types of tooling used in CNC turning, highlighting their unique features and applications.

For CNC turning, these are the primary tools. To accommodate different turning operations like facing, threading, and grooving, they are typically made of high-speed steel or carbide and come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The primary function of these tools is to shape the outer surface of workpieces to achieve a desired diameter and finish.

To achieve precise internal diameters and finishes, boring bars are essential in enlarging and finishing existing holes. Aerospace and automotive parts require high accuracy and smooth internal surface finishes, so these tools are indispensable.

Designed to cut parts off from the rest of a piece, parting blades are crucial to the mass production of parts because they enable efficient separation of components with minimal waste.

In parts requiring threaded joints, such as screws and bolts, thread cutting tools are vital for producing accurate and consistent threads.

The purpose of knurling tools is to create a textured surface on a part that enhances grip. They are frequently used in tool handles, knobs, and decorative metal parts where a patterned surface is beneficial for grip.

Drill Bits: While not exclusively used for turning, drilling bits are used in CNC lathes to create cylindrical holes. They are indispensable for the production of parts that require assembly or fitting of components.

In order to ensure that drilled holes are of accurate size and have a smooth finish, reamers are used to refine them. High-precision industries require this type of tooling, where even the smallest discrepancy in hole dimensions can have a significant impact on the part’s performance.

A grooving tool is used to cut grooves into the surface of a part, such as O-ring grooves in seals or decorative grooves in aesthetic components.

Face mills can be used in CNC turning for operations such as face milling large areas. They are particularly useful for ensuring a flat surface on the end of large diameter workpieces.

CNC turning centers use turret tooling, which allows multiple tools to be mounted and used in one setup, enhancing their versatility and reducing setup times.

What are the essential components of a CNC turning machine?

The CNC turning machine is a marvel of precision machining, composed of various essential components that work together to transform raw materials into finished products.

Control Panel: The CNC control panel is the command center of the turning machine. It controls the machine’s computer programs, which control the machining process. In order to ensure accuracy and repeatability in the manufacturing process, this panel provides precise control over movements, speeds, and turning operations.

Workpieces and cutting tools are held and rotated by spindles, which are critical components. CNC turning allows materials to be machined at optimal cutting speeds by precisely controlling the spindle’s rotation speed. For a workpiece to be machined accurately and to the desired specifications, this component is critical.

When turning, headstocks and tailstocks provide crucial support to the workpiece. This setup ensures stability and precision in machining operations by holding the workpiece at one end, while the tailstock can be moved and locked in place to accommodate various lengths of material.

Tool Turret: The tool turret is a rotating unit that holds multiple cutting tools. Quick tool changes are possible during the machining process, increasing efficiency and productivity. With the turret’s ability to hold a variety of tools, the machine can perform a variety of cutting, drilling, and threading operations without manually changing them.

During the turning process, the workpiece is held in place by the chuck and collet. The chuck is a clamping device that can be adjusted to hold a variety of sizes and shapes of materials, whereas the collets provide a more precise and secure grip, especially for smaller or delicate workpieces.

The lathe bed is the machine’s base and serves as a foundation. In order to maintain precision during machining, the lathe bed must be rigid and constructed in such a way that it supports the headstock, tailstock, and carriage, which ensure alignment and smooth movement.

A lathe carriage carries a cutting tool as it moves along its bed. This component is crucial for shaping the workpiece according to the program’s instructions. It consists of components like the saddle, cross-slide, and tool post, which together provide precise control over the tool’s movement and positioning.

CNC Turning Parameters: What are They?

Precision machining requires an understanding of several parameters that determine the quality, efficiency, and outcome of the process.

CNC Turning Parameters

The cutting speed is the rate at which the cutting tool engages the workpiece. It determines the effectiveness and quality of the cut.

Material removal is controlled by the feed rate at which the workpiece is fed to the cutting tool.

The depth of cut determines how deep the cutting tool penetrates the material, affecting the final shape and finish.

Geometry of the cutting tool determines the type of cut and the finish on the material.

Metals such as steel and aluminum, as well as plastics, require different turning parameters.

The flow of coolant ensures the longevity of the cutting tool and maintains its temperature.

This is the speed at which the spindle rotates, which holds the workpiece or the tool in the turning process.

Cutting Tool Material: The cutting tool’s material determines its durability and suitability for different materials.

For the safety of the operation and the quality of the workpiece, effective chip control is essential.

The rigidity of the CNC turning machine determines the machine’s ability to handle different materials and operations without distortion.

CNC turning tolerances refer to the level of precision and accuracy that can be achieved.

What are the best materials for CNC turning?

CNC turning requires the selection of the right material. The suitability of a material is influenced by its properties and its intended application.

CNC turning materials

In CNC turning, steel is commonly used for parts requiring resilience because of its strength and durability.

Lightweight but strong, aluminum is preferred for parts that need to be both sturdy and lightweight.

Components in electrical applications benefit from brass’ low friction and non-sparking properties.

Electrical components are often made from copper, which is highly conductive.

Various plastics are used in CNC turning due to their versatility and low cost.

Different types of CNC turning projects require different materials with different properties.

CNC turning: what are its advantages and disadvantages?

Understanding CNC turning’s pros and cons can help you make informed decisions when choosing this method of manufacturing.

CNC Turning: Pros and Cons


For intricate parts, CNC turning provides exceptional precision.

CNC turning is time-efficient due to its high-speed capabilities.

A wide range of shapes and sizes can be created using a variety of materials.

The consistency of quality across multiple production runs is ensured by CNC turning.

The disadvantages

CNC machinery and setup can be expensive at first.

While CNC turning is versatile, it is primarily used for round or cylindrical parts.

CNC machines require skilled operators and programmers.

What is the role of precision and accuracy in CNC turning?

Precision and accuracy are not only goals but necessities in CNC turning. The entire process depends on meeting precise specifications and tolerances.

Precision and Accuracy Are Important

Precision in CNC turning refers to the ability to achieve the desired dimensions and shapes consistently, whereas accuracy refers to the exact measurements specified in the design. In industries where even the slightest deviation can result in significant functional or safety problems, these aspects are critical.

CNC turning is heavily used in what industries?

There are many industries that use CNC turning, each with its own requirements and applications.

Applications and Industries

Producing gears, shafts, and bushings for the automotive industry.

Fabrication of high-precision aircraft parts.

Connectors and conductive components are created in electrical engineering.

Manufacturing surgical tools and implants of the highest quality.

In order to meet the unique production and quality demands of each industry, CNC turning is utilized.

How should CNC turning be designed?

For CNC turning to be successful, the design stage is crucial. Factors such as cutting speed, feed rate, and raw material choice influence the quality and efficiency of the end product.

CNC Turning Design Factors

Surface finish and tool life are affected by cutting speed.

The feed rate determines the rate of material removal and the final surface texture.

It is essential to select raw materials that are suitable for the desired end-use and compatible with Rapid prototyping in China.

CNC Turning Programming and Software: What Are the Basics?

Anyone involved in CNC turning must understand the basics of the software and programming behind it.

CNC Turning Programming Overview

CNC programming begins with a CAD file, which is then converted into a CNC program using CAM (Computer-Aided Manufacturing) software.

CNC turning software types

Parts are designed using CAD software.

Software that converts CAD designs into machine-readable code.

Control software for CNC machines interprets the code and controls the machine.

Precision and efficiency are ensured by each type of software used in CNC turning.

What Is the Difference Between CNC Turning and CNC Milling?

Although CNC turning and CNC milling have many similarities, their differences are critical in deciding which method to use.

Geometry and motion of the workpiece

A CNC turning machine rotates the workpiece while moving the cutting tool linearly.

In CNC milling, the cutting tool rotates while the workpiece remains stationary or moves linearly.

Considerations for Surface Finish, Tooling, and Setup

For cylindrical parts, CNC turning provides a better surface finish.

Milling requires more complex tooling and setup than turning.

Alternatives to CNC turning: What Are They?

Alternative methods offer unique advantages and capabilities as well as CNC turning.

CNC Turning vs. Other Methods

Part geometry can be more versatile with CNC milling, but setup can be more complex.

In comparison to CNC-turned parts, Precision machining services is ideal for complex geometries and rapid prototyping.

Various manufacturing methods are suitable for different applications due to their niches.

What are the factors to consider when choosing a CNC turning service?

For your project to succeed, you need to select the right CNC turning service provider.

CNC Turning Service Selection Criteria

Look for a provider with a proven track record of success.

Ensure there are strict quality control measures in place.

Verify that they are capable of handling the size and complexity of your project.

Consider their turnaround time when choosing a vendor.

CNC Turning Problems: What are they?

In spite of advanced technology, CNC turning can encounter several issues that must be addressed as soon as possible.

CNC Turning Issues

Precision and part quality are affected by tool wear or breakage.

Parts may be rejected due to surface finish issues.

Parts with dimensional inaccuracies are less usable.

Vibrations and chatter affect tool life and part quality.

Improper tooling or settings can cause material deformation.

Problems with chip management can lead to machine damage and quality problems.

Errors in programming can lead to incorrect machining and waste of materials.

Tool life and part finish are affected by coolant issues.

Delays and halts can be caused by mechanical failures.

Downtime and damage are caused by electrical issues.

Errors by operators can lead to accidents and quality issues.

In CNC turning, what are the essential safety measures and best practices?

Implementing best practices in CNC turning ensures the safety of operators and the smooth operation of the machine.

Best Practices and Safety Measures

Maintenance is essential for the health and safety of machines.

A thorough training in machine operation and safety protocols should be provided to operators.

Protective equipment is essential to protect operators from injuries.

How Does CNC Turning Impact the Environment?

In today’s world, where sustainability is a growing concern, understanding and mitigating the environmental impact of CNC turning is crucial.

CNC Machining Sustainability

CNC turning maximizes material utilization, reducing waste.

Modern CNC machines are designed to use less energy.

Implementing practices to recycle metal shavings and reuse materials when possible.

Using environmentally safe coolants and lubricants during machining.

CNC Turning Costs and Economic Aspects?

In order to understand the value of CNC turning, it is important to analyze costs and economic benefits.

Cost Breakdown

CNC machines and software tools require a significant upfront investment.

Energy consumption, maintenance, and tooling costs are included in operational expenses.

CNC turning reduces labor costs, but skilled operators and programmers are still needed.

ROI and Economic Benefits

CNC turning allows faster production times, resulting in higher throughput.

Precision and quality: High-quality parts reduce waste and improve customer satisfaction.

The ability to adapt quickly to different designs and materials can open up new markets.

Media Contact
Company Name: Tik Precision Manufacturing Co.,Limited
Email: Send Email
City: Kowloon
Country: HongKong