Electric Vehicle Market Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2030

Electric Vehicle Market Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2030
Electric Vehicle Market
Electric Vehicle Market by Component, Vehicle Type, Vehicle Class, Propulsion (BEV, PHEV, FCEV), Vehicle Drive Type (FWD, RWD, AWD), Vehicle Top Speed (<125 mph, >125 mph), Charging Point Type, Vehicle Connectivity, End Use, Region – Global Forecast 2030

The global electric vehicle market size was valued at USD 388.1 billion in 2023 and is expected to reach USD 951.9 billion by 2030 at a CAGR of 13.7% during the forecast period 2023-2030. With advancements in technology, increasing environmental consciousness, and supportive government policies, EVs have gained significant traction as a viable and sustainable transportation option. As concerns over climate change and air pollution intensify, consumers and industries are increasingly turning to electric vehicles to reduce their carbon footprint and contribute to a greener future. This growing global momentum has propelled the electric vehicle market into a transformative phase, with innovations and investments driving the expansion of EV adoption across the world.

Rising demand for electric vehicles in the automotive and transportation sectors

Increase in the adoption and demand for electric vehicles has accentuated the need to develop charging infrastructure and the electric vehicle market. Leading markets for electric vehicles such as China, US, and Germany are investing significantly in electric vehicles and EV charging infrastructure along with research & development for faster and efficient charging methods, longer range EVs, and lower cost batteries. Significant investments by automakers are expected to cater to the rising demand for EVs. Countries across North America and Europe along with many Asian countries have adopted measures to reduce emissions during the coming decades and replace their vehicle fleets for lower emissions by varying numbers by 2035. This is expected to lead to a significantly high demand for electric vehicles. OEMs offer a wide range of vehicles, from small hatchbacks such as Leaf to high-end sedans such as Tesla model 3. The wide range of product offerings has attracted a high number of consumers, resulting in an increased market for electric vehicles. For instance, in January 2018, Ford announced plans to increase planned investments to USD 11 billion by end of 2022 for the development of EVs. The company introduced 40 EVs in 2022, of which 16 are expected to be fully electric and 24 are expected to be plug-in hybrid vehicles. The investment is higher than the previously announced target of USD 4.5 billion. Further, Stellantis also plans to come with 29 new EVs by 2030. Launched in September 2020, SAIC-GM-Wuling has a range of 106 miles on a single charge and was one of the highest selling EVs in 2021 and 2022.

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Commercial vehicles to be the fastest growing market by volume during forecast period

The commercial vehicle segment includes LCVs and HCVs. HCVs combine two categories of vehicles − heavy trucks and buses & coaches. The nature of these vehicles limits their production volumes and growth rates as they are used in specific applications such as logistics, construction, and mining industries. On the other hand, LCVs have come a long way from having bare-essential features to full-blown utility vehicles that can be used for passengers as well as commercial purposes. The majority of used LCVs and HCV’s include vans, mini-buses, pickups, trucks etc. Various companies such as Volvo Group, Daimler AG, Traton Group, BYD, Nikola Motor, Tesla, DAF Trucks, etc. already have EV models available or are currently under development. For instance, in May 2022, Stellantis and Toyota Motor partnered to develop a new large-size commercial van, including a battery electric version. This collaboration completes a full lineup of light commercial vehicles (LCV), consisting of compact, mid-size, and now a large-size LCV. Similarly, ZF’s Commercial Vehicle Solutions (CVS) department unveiled ‘AxTrax 2’ and ‘AxTrax 2 dual’ electric central drive system designed for various types of vehicles, ranging from light delivery vans to heavy-duty trucks and trailers. Increasing sales of electric buses, particularly in China, has contributed to the growth of the electric bus segment. In the near future, several countries are expected to replace their existing fuel-based bus fleets with electric buses. The increasing trend of the replacement of fossil fuel-based public transport fleets with electric buses is expected to drive the growth of electric commercial vehicle market during the forecast period. Additionally, the growth of e-commerce, logistics, and shared mobility are expected to drive the growth of electric commercial vehicles during the forecast period. Electric vans are expected to witness significant growth in Europe and Asia owing to their extensive use in businesses. In the coming years, EV LCVs are expected to be the fastest-growing market.

Asia Pacific to be the largest and the fastest growing market by value during the forecast period

The region is home to some of the fastest-developing economies, such as China and India. The governments of these emerging economies have recognized the growth potential of the electric vehicle market trends and, hence, have taken different initiatives to attract major OEMs to manufacture electric vehicles in domestic markets. The region is home to 93 of the world’s most polluted cities, and has a high energy demand. As of 2022, transportation sector in the region accounts for around 14% of overall emissions. Thus, countries in the region, are planning to reduce emissions in the coming years. China, the e-mobility leader in the region, had set a target of over 20% EV sales by 2025, which it had already achieved in 2022 and is expected to have around 35% in 2023. Similarly, countries such as South Korea, Japan and India have also announced plans to shift to EVs in coming years. India for instance, plans to have 30% of its passenger car sales to be electric by 2030. South Korea and Japan are also aiming to be among the world’s top 5 EV producers by 2030. China is also investing significantly in the production of both electric passenger as well as commercial vehicles, with plans for export. OEMs such as BYD plan to open plants in other parts of the world to manufacture electric buses and electric trucks to meet regional demand. The country supports EV usage by offering a subsidy for buying EVs. The country is also encouraging manufacturers to develop better EV technology. Various EV charging stations are set up across the country due to the subsidy for setting up EV infrastructure.

Key Market Players

The electric vehicle market is dominated by BYD (China), Tesla (US), Volkswagen AG (Germany), SAIC Motors (China), and Stellantis (Netherlands), among others. These companies have worked with other players in the EV ecosystem and developed best in class EV technology.

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