The online world has overcome the physical one in all aspects of our lives and daily processes except one: voting. As we’ve seen in election after election, voting technology is not succeeding, and when it comes to votes coming from abroad, the matter gets even more complex. Voting online would obviously fix many of the problems that election agencies are facing right now, but online voting comes with major security concerns.
That’s what makes blockchain so interesting here.
If we look at the definition of distributed ledger – a term often interchanged often with Blockchain itself – we see that: “A distributed ledger (also called a shared ledger, or distributed ledger technology, DLT) is a consensus of replicated, shared, and synchronized digital data geographically spread across multiple sites, countries, or institutions. There is no central administrator or centralized data storage. A peer-to-peer network is required as well as consensus algorithms to ensure replication across nodes is undertaken. One form of distributed ledger design is the blockchain system, which can be either public or private phone technology, like fingerprint and face recognition, helps ensure that the person casting the vote is who they say they are”.
The blockchain vote-based project
Multiversum Crypto, a European company managed entirely by Italians living abroad is now verifying the feasibility and outcomes of an integration of the blockchain technology with the voting system during elections. The company is supported by the political party Forza Italia UK, a joined-force partnership to verify how blockchain can improve the management of votes made abroad. As reported on Multiversum website: “technology pushes traditional blockchain beyond its current limits, by enhancing the data layer through self-verifying and distributed structures of organized data entities, related one to another by symbolic links. This technology set the foundations for a decentralized and distributed system of coherent self-verifying transactions: Multiversum blockchain.”
Dealing with complex data structures
However, when it comes to voting online, security is not often the only concern. Data management, particularly in regard to how to deal with complex data, has often been an obstacle to the adoption of such a online system. That is why Multiversum that “instead of the existing blockchain simple data model, the creation of a Relational Crypto Database (an advanced and organized data storage solution) which can handle not just a single data-type, but a series of data grouped in graphs of complex data structures related one another. Relations are now first class citizens of the blockchain and are assured by cryptographic methods. Each one of them, when a state change is requested, will have its own sub-chain splitting from the original branch, which will rejoin after the operation, in order to be validated.”
More info: https://www.multiversum.io/