Handbook on Rice Cultivation and Processing

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The book “Handbook on Rice Cultivation and Processing” contains cultivation and processing of rice in various ways. This book basically deals with history, origin and antiquity of rice, seed rice and seed production, harvest and post harvest operations, water management practices for rice, diseases and pests of rice and their control, application of biotechnology in aromatic rice improvement, traditional methods of parboiling, modernization of parboiling process, solvent extractive rice milling, general types of quick cooking rice processes, dry milled rice products in brewing, breakfast cereals, rice flakes, puffed rice, rice in multi grain cereals etc. India is the second largest rice producing country of the world after China. India also grows some of the finest quality aromatic rice of which basmati is the most high quality rice. The whole book discusses about rice cultivation and Milling. Cultivation and Milling involves lots of process. Both traditional and modern ways are applied to get the maximum output.

Contents of Book:

CHAPTER 1
HISTORY, ORIGIN AND ANTIQUITY OF RICE
Antiquity
Species Ancestral To Rice
Genetic Process Involved In Domestication 
Diversification and Spread

CHAPTER 2
BREEDING
Period of Inter-Racial Hybridization Between Japonicas 
and Indicas
Period of Inter-Racial Hybridization Between Semi-Dwarf 
Taiwanese Types/Derivatives and Indicas
Breeding Upland Rices With Tolerance To Drought
Breeding for Water-Logged and Lowland Conditions
Deep Water Conditions 
Flood Resistance
Breeding for Insect Resistance
Breeding for Resistance 
Biotype Variation 
Breeding for Resistance 
Breeding for Disease Resistance 
Variability In Pyricularia Oryzae
Resistance Breeding
Rice Tungro Virus-Disease (Insect Vector: Nephotettix Virescens)
Resistance Breeding
Breeding for Multiple Resistance 
Breeding for Saline Conditions
Screening Techniques 
Breeding for High Altitude Areas 
Quality Breeding 
Breeding for Higher Protein Content In Rice
Breeding High-Yielding, Scented Rice Varieties 
Other Methods
Summing Up 

CHAPTER 3
SOILS-THEIR CLASSIFICATION AND AGRO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Classification and Distribution 
The Soils on Which Rice Is Grown In India and 
Their Classification
Distribution of Various Kinds of Soils In India 
The Physical, Chemical and Agronomic Characteristics 
of Rice Soils 
The Special Requirements of The Rice Crop
Chemical Characteristics To Be Looked for In Rice Soils 
Physical Properties of Rice Soils 
Agronomic Characteristics of Rice Soils 
Measures Needed for Realizing The Rice-Production Potential of The Major Soil Groups of The Various States 

CHAPTER 4
SEED RICE AND SEED PRODUCTION
Sources of Pure Seed 
Classes of Seed
Seed Rice Culture 
The Control of Red Rice 
The Time and Method of Harvesting Seed Rice
Processing and Storing Seed Rice 
Drying, Cleaning and Grading
Storing Seed Rice 

CHAPTER 5
RICE CULTURE
Crop Rotations 
Cropped Land Structure 
The Krasnodar Territory
The Don Piver and Cis-Caspian Lowland
The Ussr Far East
The Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Southern Kazakhstan
Intensified Cropping Systems
Fallowing
Catch-Crops
Land Preparation 
Basic Soil Treatment
Tilling Grassland for Rice 
Tilling Land for Fallow-Sown Crops 
Preparing Seedbed for Rice 
Current Land-Smoothing or Planing
Preparing Seedbed for Early and Deep Planting of Rice     
Wet or Underwater Levelling
Minimum Tillage for Rice
Fertilization 
Mineral Nutrients and Sources 
Soil Liming 
Fertilization Practices
Seed and Seeding 
Classification of Seed
Pre-Plant Treatment of Seed 
Rate of Seeding 
Method of Seeding
Water Management 
Systems of Water Management 
Managing Water for Nonchemical Weed Control
Managing Water for Chemical Weed Control 
Soil Herbicides
Managing Water for Saline Soils 
Managing Water for Insect and Pest Control 
Managing Water for Early and Deep-Seeded Rice
Crop Tending 

CHAPTER 6
HARVEST AND POST-HARVEST OPERATIONS
Draining for The Harvest
Pre-Harvest Chemical Drying 
Pre-Harvest Operations
Harvesting Rice 
Grain Moisture Content 
Post-Harvest Operations 

CHAPTER 7
WEEDS AND THEIR CONTROL
Weed Control Practices
Nonchemical Weed Control
Chemical Weed Control 

CHAPTER 8
PEST PROFILE AND INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IN AROMATIC RICES
Introduction 
Diseases
Stem Rot 
Narrow Brown Leaf Spot 
Insect Pests
Integrated Pest Management 
Future Outlook

CHAPTER 9
WATER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR RICE
The Effect of Land Submergence on The Growth and 
Yield of Rice 
The Depth of Submergence 
Effect of Partial Submergence
Water Requirement of The Rice Crop 
Drainage Requirement of The Rice Crop 
Water-Management Practices for Salt-Affected Areas
Effective Rainfall 

CHAPTER 10
DISEASES AND PESTS OF RICE AND THEIR CONTROL
Rice Diseases 
Pests of Rice 
Environmental Considerations In Rice Production   

CHAPTER 11
HYBRID BREEDING IN AROMATIC RICE
Introduction 
Heterosis Breeding In Basmati Rice 
Development of Basmati-Type Cms Lines
Restorer Breeding 
Breeding Approaches 
Quality Characteristics of Basmati Restorer Lines 
Stability Analysis of Basmati Hybrids
Effects of Cytoplasm on Yield and Quality Traits 
Basmati Hybrids Under Evaluation
Tagging of Fertility Restorer Gene (S) In Basmati Rice 
Problems and Future Prospects 

CHAPTER 12
BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BREEDING OF AROMATIC RICE
Introduction
Functional Genomics
Cloning Disease Resistant Genes
Molecular Analysis of Rice Genes
Production of Transgenic Rice Plants
Gene Silencing
Application of Biotechnology In Aromatic Rice Improvement 
In India
Diagnostics and Dna Fingerprinting
Marker Tagging of Individual Genes and Qtls
Future Prospects and Conclusion 

CHAPTER 13
DRYING OF PADDY
Theory of Grain Drying
Methods of Drying
Methods of Mechanical Drying
Drying of Parboiled Paddy
Method of Drying
Tempering After Drying
Types of Dryers
Operation Data of Drying Plants
Problems

CHAPTER 14
MILLING OF PADDY
Traditional Methods
Modern Methods 
Mini Rice Mill
Problems of Modern Rice Mills
Economics of Modern Milling

CHAPTER 15
PARBOILING PROCESSES
Traditional Methods of Parboiling
Modernisation of Parboiling Process
Modern Processes
Process Description of The Different Parboiling Plants

CHAPTER 16
BASMATI RICE
Introduction
What Does Basmati Mean?
Ancient Records of Rice In India
Basmati Rice In The 19th Century
Basmati In The 20th Century
Breeders should Work on The Sastika (Sathi) Cultivar
The Name Basmati-Specific or Generic?
Conclusion

CHAPTER 17
ROUGH RICE STORAGE
Deterioration of Stored Rice By Fungi
Factors Influencing Deterioration
Storage Technology
Pest Control

CHAPTER 18
SOLVENT EXTRACTIVE RICE MILLING
Introduction
The X-M Concept
The Development of X-M
Process Description
X-M Products
Rice Milling Yields
Economics
Technology Expansion Prospects

CHAPTER 19
QUICK-COOKING RICE
Introduction
General Types of Quick Cooking Rice Processes
The “Soak Boil Steam Dry” Methods
The Expanded Dry Pregelatinized Rice Methods
The Rolling or “Bumping” Treatment
Dry Heat Treatments
The Freeze Thaw Process
Gun Puffing
Freeze Drying
Chemical Treatments
Combinations of Methods
Miscellaneous Processes
Conclusion

CHAPTER 20
RICE IN BREWING
Manufacture of Beer
Adjuncts In Brewing
Dry Milled Rice Products In Brewing
Malted Rice In Brewing
Specifications for Brewer’s Rice
Effects on Beer Manufacture and Quality of Using Rice 
As Adjunct
Problems In Using Rice As Adjunct
Differentiation Between All Malt and Malt Adjunct Beers
Summary

CHAPTER 21
RICE BREAKFAST CEREALS AND INFANT FOODS
Breakfast Cereals
Rice Flakes
Puffed Rice
Oven Puffed Rice Cereal
Shredded Rice Cereal
Rice In Multi Grain Cereals
Product and Ingredient Characteristics
Enrichment
Packaging
Areas for Further Research
Rice In Infant Foods
Precooked Infant Rice Cereal
Nutritive Value of Rice Cereal
Formulated Baby Foods
Inspection of Raw Material and Finished Goods
Acknowledgments

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