Continuous positive airway pressure or CPAP is the most commonly prescribed treatment for sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition where breathing cessation is caused by airway tissues that collapse or block the airway during sleep. These episodes can last as long as 2 to 30 seconds at a time resulting in serious interrupted sleep for those afflicted by the condition. The main objective of CPAP equipment therapy is to keep obstructed airway open so that it does not fail during sleep. Although there are other types of sleep apnea treatments like dental devices and surgeries that can remedy blocked airway passages at initial airway contact, only CPAP equipment can open up the airway in the lower parts of the airway tract which is the most commonly affected by sleep apnea.
The CPAP device is a little bigger than a shoe box and utilises air pressures to keep open the tissues of the airway throughout sleep. CPAP equipment devices supply air via face-mask or nasal under pressure. When an individual inhales, mild air pressure keeps the nose, throat and palate tissues open. Nearly all CPAP equipment patients inform that they feel the air pressure, however, that they can also exhale and inhale without difficulty. The CPAP device delivers the pressurised air via a small tube which is connected to the apnea mask. The air can be at room temperature, heated or humidified, depending on the sufferer. To avoid air leakage, the apnea mask should be worn cosily. It is held in place by “head gear” or straps. There are many different types of apnea masks, all intended with the purpose of providing the best comfort to the patient with the most popular types being the nasal mask, full-face mask, and nasal pillows.
Bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) devices are intended for individuals who have trouble accepting the elevated pressures of CPAP equipment. It operates like a CPAP in delivering air pressure during sleep. However, the Bipap lowers pressure at exhalation as well it delivers a pressure during inspiration. As a result, one does not feel that they are exhaling against high pressure at the time of breathing.
BiPAP equipment is mainly used for people who need high pressure to maintain their airways open or if someone is having difficulties exhaling. It is important to note that although CPAP is commonly prescribed for people with Obstructed Sleep Apnea, which is responsible for 80% of sleep apnea cases, the BiPAP is prescribed in situations where Central Sleep Apnea exists. Central sleep apnea is a rare condition caused by neurological disabilities not sending the proper signals from the brain to instruct the mouth and lungs to breathe. The BiPAP’s air pressures can help patients inhale and exhale accordingly.
Auto-titrating CPAP Devices
The auto-titrating CPAP device is the latest development in CPAP equipment therapy. Also identified as “smart” CPAP devices, these make fine-tunings in pressure all through the night. Different intensities of pressures are needed for various intensities of sleep apnea and sleeping positions.The goal of auto-titrating CPAP is to acquire the most reduced conceivable weight for each apnea event. “Brilliant” sensors direct pneumatic stresses depending on the intensity of apnea episode. Another advantage of the auto-titrating CPAP device is that depending on a person’s sleep position, which can cause increased or decreased demands of air if higher pressures of air are not required then the air pressure is reduced accordingly. Put differently; the device does not stay at a consistent intensity of pressure like that seen in the traditional CPAP. The only genuine drawback of auto-titrating CPAP is that air leaks may crop up as a consequence of sensor’s misjudging airflow pressure.
CPAP Equipment Effectiveness
CPAP equipment therapy has been confirmed to be successful in assisting sleep apnea patients to improve their general sleep condition by decreasing insomnia and stopping the apnea episodes, which all leads to a better state of alertness and health. One can only imagine how good it must feel after years of sleep deprivation to have a good night’s sleep again. But, more importantly, CPAP equipment therapy has proven to open up the obstructed airways allowing the body to get its proper amounts of oxygen. It is this aspect of the therapy that is most beneficial to helping eliminate the serious health issues associated with sleep apnea.
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