4D Printing is the progression of developing new dimensional structure by subjecting 3D printed model in the presence of external forces like temperature or light. Shape memory polymers are the most common materials which undergoes five steps to convert into the desired output. Hydrogels which are soft and having rigid structures are more straightforward to use for developing 4D objects. In general, 4D printing is obtained by adding an extra code while 3D printing process is going on. The coding consists of information regarding shape, angle, and dimensions of the required object. The output shape will be in the form of layers where memory is entrapped and help in predict how the way will change when subjected to external sources like heat or water.
The significant advantage of using 4D printing process is large 3D objects can be created which cannot be obtained from regular 3D printers. Through 4D printing, manufacturers can create the first form of smaller objects and provides step by step layer of more massive objects in the secondary form. 4D printing can convert the 2D surface into a 3D structure which helps in building infrastructure. This process could be implemented in war zone areas or disaster areas thereby preventing time and money.
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November, 2017 – ETH Zurich a university in Switzerland developed 4D printing and self-deploying structures which uses auxetic Metamaterials. These components can be used in biomedical devices, aerospace parts and many more. The researchers created this structure by adding a new dimension to the existing 3D structure over time.
September, 2017 – Researchers from Zhejiang University’s National Key Laboratory of chemical engineering have developed 4D printing process. For demonstration, they created calla lily flowers using 3D models which are capable of blooming after printing. The procedure made use of projector, light-curable resin, and paraffin wax for developing the model.
Major Key Players
Stratasys Ltd. (U.S),
Hewlett Packard Corp. (U.S.),
3D Systems Corporation (U.S.),
ExOne Co. (U.S.),
Autodesk, Inc. (U.S.),
Organovo Holdings, Inc. (U.S.),
Materialise NV (Belgium), and Dassault Systèmes SA (France) are some of the prominent players profiled in MRFR Analysis and are at the forefront of competition in the Global 4D Printing Market
According to MRFR, the global 4D printing market is expected to grow at USD ~162 Million by 2022, at ~39% of CAGR between 2019 and 2022.
The Global 4D Printing Market can be segmented in to 4 key dynamics for the convenience of the report and enhanced understanding;
Segmentation by application : Comprises aerospace and Defense, healthcare, automotive, construction, utility and others.
Segmentation by Regions: Comprises Geographical regions – North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World.
By Geography, global 4D printing is studied for North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the world. North America is expected to hold the significant market share for global 4D printing market followed by Europe and the Asia Pacific. The emergence of 4D technology especially in the U.S, rising investments in research and development, the occupancy of significant players in the region and increasing adoption rate among industries are the major driving factors for global 4D printing in this region. Europe occupies second most considerable market share in the global 4D printing market. Adoption of 4D in automobile manufacturing is primarily driving the market in the region. The Asia Pacific is anticipated to show slow growth rate during the forecast period. Being technically backward region and lack of technical expertise there will be slow adoption rate in the future.
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- Technology investors
- 3D printing original equipment manufacturers (OEMs)
- Raw material and manufacturing equipment suppliers
- Electronic design automation (EDA) and design tool vendors
- 3D printing intellectual property players
- 3D printer component manufacturers
- 3D printing product manufacturers (ODMs)
- ODM and OEM technology solution providers
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